Effect of Leadership Style and Employee Competence on Employee Performance Through Organizational Citizenship Behavior

  • Bambang Sunatar Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sorong, Papua Barat, Indonesia
Keywords: Leadership Style, Employee Competence, Employee Performance, Organizational Citizenship Behavior


The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of leadership style and employee competence on employee performance through organizational citizenship behavior. The research is included in descriptive quantitative research. The population was government employees of Sorong city, West Papua with a total sample of 30 employees. The sample was taken using a simple random sampling technique. The data analysis technique used Partial Least Squares (PLS). The results showed that there was a significant negative effect between leadership style on employee performance, a significant positive effect between leadership style on organizational citizenship behavior, a significant positive effect between employee competence variables on employee performance, a significant positive effect between employee competence on organizational citizenship behavior, a significant negative effect between organizational citizenship behavior on employee performance, a significant positive effect between leadership style on employee performance mediated by organizational citizenship behavior, and significant positive influence between employee competence on employee performance mediated by organizational citizenship behavior.


Download data is not yet available.


Adserias, R. P., Charleston, L. V. J., & Jackson, J. F. L. (2017). What style of leadership is best suited to direct organizational change to fuel institutional diversity in higher education? Race Ethnicity and Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2016.1260233

Apuke, O. D. (2017). Quantitative Research Methods : A Synopsis Approach. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. https://doi.org/10.12816/0040336

Arar, K., & Abu Nasra, M. (2019). Leadership style, occupational perception and organizational citizenship behavior in the Arab education system in Israel. Journal of Educational Administration. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEA-08-2017-0094

Atatsi, E. A., Stoffers, J., & Kil, A. (2019). Factors affecting employee performance: a systematic literature review. In Journal of Advances in Management Research. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-06-2018-0052

Baig, S. A., Iqbal, S., Abrar, M., Baig, I. A., Amjad, F., Zia-ur-Rehman, M., & Awan, M. U. (2021). Impact of leadership styles on employees’ performance with moderating role of positive psychological capital. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence. https://doi.org/10.1080/14783363.2019.1665011

Basu, E., Pradhan, R. K., & Tewari, H. R. (2017). Impact of organizational citizenship behavior on job performance in Indian healthcare industries: The mediating role of social capital. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 66(6), 780–796. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-02-2016-0048

Bhoir, B. M., & Suri, S. (2019). Impact of emotional intelligence on performance of employees at manufacturing organizations. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.B1901.098319

Breevaart, K., Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Derks, D. (2016). Who takes the lead? A multi-source diary study on leadership, work engagement, and job performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2041

Carpini, J. A., & Parker, S. K. (2017). The Bigger Picture: How Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Fit Within a Broader Conceptualization of Work Performance. In The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Citizenship Behavior.

Deery, S., Rayton, B., Walsh, J., & Kinnie, N. (2017). The Costs of Exhibiting Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Human Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.21815

Diamantidis, A. D., & Chatzoglou, P. (2019). Factors affecting employee performance: an empirical approach. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-01-2018-0012

Flores, E., Xu, X., & Lu, Y. (2020). Human Capital 4.0: a workforce competence typology for Industry 4.0. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMTM-08-2019-0309

Fonseca Da Costa Guterresa, L., Armanu, & Rofiaty. (2020). The role of work motivation as a mediator on the influence of education-training and leadership style on employee performance. Management Science Letters. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2019.12.017

Garcia-Perez, A., Cegarra-Navarro, J. G., Bedford, D., Thomas, M., & Wakabayashi, S. (2019). Human Capital Competence and Proficiency. In Critical Capabilities and Competencies for Knowledge Organizations. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78973-767-720191015

Gençer, M. S., & Samur, Y. (2016). Leadership Styles and Technology: Leadership Competency Level of Educational Leaders. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.132

Gravina, N., Nastasi, J., & Austin, J. (2021). Assessment of Employee Performance. In Journal of Organizational Behavior Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/01608061.2020.1869136

Jabbar, A. A., & Hussein, A. M. (2017). THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v5.i5.2017.1841

Jiang, W., Zhao, X., & Ni, J. (2017). The impact of transformational leadership on employee sustainable performance: The mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior. Sustainability (Switzerland). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9091567

Juliandi, A. (2018). Structural Equation Model Partial Least Square ( Sem-Pls ) Dengan SmartPLS. Modul Pelatihan.

Kasekende, F., Munene, J. C., Otengei, S. O., & Ntayi, J. M. (2016). Linking teacher competences to organizational citizenship behaviour: The role of empowerment. International Journal of Educational Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-10-2014-0140

Kelchevskaya, N. R., Shirinkina, E. V., & Strih, N. I. (2019). Evaluation of Digital Development of Human Capital of Enterprises. https://doi.org/10.2991/essd-19.2019.99

Khalili, A. (2017). Transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior: The moderating role of emotional intelligence. Leadership and Organization Development Journal. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-11-2016-0269

Khan, M. A., Ismail, F. B., Hussain, A., & Alghazali, B. (2020). The Interplay of Leadership Styles, Innovative Work Behavior, Organizational Culture, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019898264

Kim, M., & Beehr, T. A. (2018). Can Empowering Leaders Affect Subordinates’ Well-Being and Careers Because They Encourage Subordinates’ Job Crafting Behaviors? Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies. https://doi.org/10.1177/1548051817727702

Nguyen, P. T., Yandi, A., & Mahaputra, M. R. (2020). Factors that influence employee performance: motivation, leadership, environment, culture organization, work achievement, competence and compensation (A study of human resource management literature studies). Dinasti International Journal of Digital Business Management, 1(4), 645–662.

Organ, D. W. (2018). Organizational citizenship behavior: Recent trends and developments. In Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104536

Parashakti, R. D., Fahlevi, M., Ekhsan, M., & Hadinata, A. (2020). The Influence of Work Environment and Competence on Motivation and Its Impact on Employee Performance in Health Sector. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200410.040

Sani, A., & Maharani Ekowati, V. (2019). Spirituality at work and organizational commitment as moderating variables in relationship between Islamic spirituality and OCB IP and influence toward employee performance. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 11(6), 1777–1799. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-08-2018-0140

Saragih, B., Sanusi, A., & Manan, A. (2017). The Influence of Job Satisfaction towards Employee Performance on the Antecedent of Competencies and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. IOSR Journal of Business and Management. https://doi.org/10.9790/487x-1901072127

Shamir, B., & Howell, J. M. (2018). Organizational and contextual influences on the emergence and effectiveness of charismatic leadership. In Monographs in Leadership and Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-357120180000009020

Sudja, N., & Yuesti, A. (2020). The Effect Of Leadership and Organizational Commitment to Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Work Achievement (Studies on The Sports Coach Formation Servants in The Bali Provincial Government). Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ).

Taamneh, A., Alsaad, A. K., & Elrehail, H. (2018). HRM practices and the multifaceted nature of organization performance: The mediation effect of organizational citizenship behavior. EuroMed Journal of Business. https://doi.org/10.1108/EMJB-02-2018-0010

Veliu, L., Manxhari, M., Demiri, V., & Jahaj, L. (2017). the Influence of Leadership Styles on Employee’S Performance. Journal of Management Social Sciences Vadyba Journal of Management.

Wushe, T., & Shenje, J. (2019). An analysis of the relationship between occupational stress and employee job performance in public health care institutions: A case study of public hospitals in Harare. SA Journal of Human Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v17i0.1079

Yang, Y., Lee, P. K. C., & Cheng, T. C. E. (2016). Continuous improvement competence, employee creativity, and new service development performance: A frontline employee perspective. International Journal of Production Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2015.08.006

Yannis, P., & Nikolaos, B. (2018). Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Business Technology: Justifying a Suitable Research Methodology. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research.

Yusuf-Habeeb, M., & Ibrahim, Y. (2017). Effects of leadership style on employee performance in Nigerian universities. Global Journal of Management and Business Research, 17(7), 27–33.

Zedadra, O., & Guerrieri, I. W. (2019). Pemanfaatan SEM PLS untuk penelitian. Sustainability (Switzerland).

How to Cite
Sunatar, B. (2022). Effect of Leadership Style and Employee Competence on Employee Performance Through Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Sharia Economics (IIJSE), 5(2), 572-590. https://doi.org/10.31538/iijse.v5i2.2209