CONTEXTUALIZATION OF MASLAHAH JASSER AUDA’S THOUGHT IN ISLAMIC ECONOMY
The Division of Mas}lah}ah can be deduced into five kinds, namely; (1) based on the purpose of the day/Time, (2) based on the level of necessity, (3) based on its coverage (range), (4) based on the presence or absence of changes and (5) based on the presence or absence of the Shariah in the assignment. Mas}lah}ah based on the purpose of his day divided into two levels, namely; Mas}lah}ah the world and the Hereafter." Mas}lah}ah the world is the obligation or rule of Shara ' related to the laws of Muamalah instead (social and economic interactions). While Mas}lah}ah Hereafter is the obligation or restriction of Shara' about the rules of Aqidah (Tauhid) and Worship. Yasser Auda divided the Mas}lah}ah on the aspect of the need into three categories: (a) Mas}lah}ah al-Dlaruriyyah (primary benefit), (b) Mas}lah}ah al-Hajiyyah (secondary benefit) and (c) Mas}lah}ah al-Tah}siniyyah (benefit Tertiary). The concept of Maqa>s}id offered by Auda is identical with Mas}lah}ah and the view of the Ulama about Mas}lah}ah and all type. Jasser Auda defines maqāṣīd in four meanings, first, the wisdom behind a law. Second, a good end goal that the Law was trying to achieve. Third, the divine purpose group and the moral concept are the basis of Law. Fourth, maṣālih. In the maqāṣīd idea offered by Auda, values and humanitarian principles are the most important. Auda also tried to reconstruct the old maqāṣīdconcept, which is protection and preservation in the direction of the maqāṣīd theory, which refers to development and rights. The implications of the application of maqāṣid al-sharī’ah. Using the maṣlaḥah instrument in the context of the Islamic economy in Indonesia are used to fulfil the needs of sharia policies in the economic sector which do not only revolve around Islamic banking matters.
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