Multicultural Community Rationality in Running Religious Activities in Pandemic Times

  • Riza Firly Maulidyah Sociology S1 Study Program, Faculty of Social Sciences and Law, State University of Surabaya, Indonenesia
  • Agus Machfud Fauzi Sociology S1 Study Program, Faculty of Social Sciences and Law, State University of Surabaya, Indonenesia
Keywords: Society, Multiculturalism, Religion, Pandemic Period

Abstract

Indonesian society is a multicultural society that lives side by side with all the differences. In Indonesia, they are presently six official religions-namely Islam, Protestant Christian, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. It is this difference of belief that makes people live in peace and practice their respective religious teachings without any intention of disturbing the beliefs of others. The teaching of tolerance is also applied in one of the villages in Malang Regency, namely Peniwen Village. The majority of the population of this village are Protestant and Catholic Christians. Residents in this village always carry out religious activities in accordance with what has been ordered without any sense of demeaning other religions. The method used in this article is descriptive qualitative using Max Weber's theory of rationality. The purpose of this article is to find out the rationality of the people of Peniwen Village in carrying out religious activities during the pandemic. This happened because during the pandemic almost all activities were limited. The results of this study demonstrate that the Village residents continue to perform religious activities by implementing health protocols and upholding tolerance between different religious communities. The current health protocols regulate the number of congregants who will worship at the church, wear masks, and maintain personal distance.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aharish, Mohammad Hamid Mohammad al-. “Indonesian Islam and Social Challenges Between Moral Cultivation and Intellectual Movement.” Journal of Indonesian Islam 11, no. 2 (December 6, 2017): 551-568–568. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.2.551-568.

Angeles, Leonora C., and Omer Aijazi. “Revisiting the Madrassa Question in Pakistan: Worlding Lived Religion and Religious Education in Urban Spaces.” Humanity & Society 43, no. 3 (August 1, 2019): 295–326. https://doi.org/10.1177/0160597618814878.

Anwar, Khoirul. “Pancasila Village, Multicultural Education and Moderation of Diversity in Indonesia.” Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 4, no. 2 (June 13, 2021): 221–34. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v4i2.1238.

Arifianto, Alexander R. “Islamic Campus Preaching Organizations in Indonesia: Promoters of Moderation or Radicalism?” Asian Security 15, no. 3 (September 2, 2019): 323–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/14799855.2018.1461086.

Asrori, Achmad. “Contemporary Religious Education Model on the Challenge of Indonesian Multiculturalism.” JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM 10, no. 2 (December 1, 2016): 261–84. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2016.10.2.261-284.

Boty, Middya. “Masyarakat Multikultural: Studi Interaksi Sosial Masyarakat Islam Melayu Dengan Non Melayu Pada Masyarakat Sukabangun Kel. Sukajadi Kec. Sukarami Palembang.” JSA 1, no. 2 (2017): 1–17.

Chalik, Abdul. “Religion and Local Politics: Exploring the Subcultures and the Political Participation of East Java Nu Elites in the Post-New Order Era.” Journal of Indonesian Islam 4, no. 1 (June 1, 2010): 109–50. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2010.4.1.109-150.

Clark, W.H. The Psychology of Religion: An Introduction to Religious Experience and Behavior. New York: Literary Licensing, LLC, 2012. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=kyeIMQEACAAJ.

Dewi, Andini Nurrahmah, and Agus Machfud Fauzi. Peran Tokoh Agama Dalam Meningkatkan Religiusitas Warga Desa Giri, Kabupaten Gresik Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Tajdid. Vol. 24, 2021.

Faridah, Ika Fatmawati. “Toleransi Antarumat Beragama Masyarakat Perumahan.” Jurnal Komunitas 5, no. 2 (2013): 267–79.

Izfanna, Duna, and Nik Ahmad Hisyam. “A Comprehensive Approach in Developing Akhlaq: A Case Study on the Implementation of Character Education at Pondok Pesantren Darunnajah.” Multicultural Education & Technology Journal 6, no. 2 (June 8, 2012): 77–86. https://doi.org/10.1108/17504971211236254.

Mahdayeni, Muhammad Roihan Alhaddad, and Ahmad Syukri Saleh. “Manusia Dan Kebudayaan (Manusia Dan Sejarah Kebudayaan, Manusia Dalam Keanekaragaman Budaya Dan Peradaban, Manusia Dan Sumber Penghidupan).” TABDIR: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam 7, no. 2 (2019): 154–65. https://doi.org/10.30603/tjmpi.v7i2.1125.

Maulana, Dirga. “The Exclusivism of Religion Teachers: Intolerance and Radicalism in Indonesian Public Schools.” Studia Islamika 24, no. 2 (August 31, 2017): 395–401. https://doi.org/10.15408/sdi.v24i2.5707.

Maulidah, Robi’atul. “Toleransi Umat Muslim Terhadap Keberadaan Gereja Pantekosa Di Surabaya.” Religio: Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama 4, no. 2 (2014): 195–217.

Melfianora. “Penulisan Karya Tulis Ilmiah Dengan Studi Literatur.” Open Science Framework, 2017, 1–3.

Meliza, Deri Wanto, and Lukman Asha. “Persepsi Masyarakat Sukaraja, Rejang Lebong Terhadap Edaran Menteri Agama Nomor: SE. 6. Tahun 2020 Mengenai Tata Cara Beribadah Saat Pandemi.” MANHAJ: Jurnal Peneltian Dan Pengabdian Masyarakat 9, no. 1 (2020): 1–17.

Mir, Raza A. “Religion as a Coping Mechanism for Global Labor: Lessons from the South Asian Shia Muslim Diaspora in the US.” Edited by Jawad Syed and Edwina Pio. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal 32, no. 3 (January 1, 2013): 325–37. https://doi.org/10.1108/EDI-12-2012-0111.

Nisa, Suvia’. “Toleransi Masyarakat Beda Agama (Studi Tentang Interaksi Sosial Umat Beragama Di Krisik Blitar),” 2019.

Quway, Nabila. “Intergrasi Multikultural Dalam Masyarakat Multietnis (Jawa, Cina, Dan Arab Keturunan) Di Kota Semarang.” Jurnal IJTIMAIYAH 2, no. 1 (2018): 90–110.

Raihani. “Report on Multicultural Education in Pesantren.” Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education 42, no. 4 (July 1, 2012): 585–605. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2012.672255.

Ridwan, Benny. “DARI MIMBAR RELIGI, KEARIFAN LOKAL, DAN KERJASAMA (Perilaku Kerukunan Beragama Masyarakat Salatiga Dan Manado),” 2018, 1–23.

Roslan Mohd Nor, Mohd, and Maksum Malim. “Revisiting Islamic Education: The Case of Indonesia.” Journal for Multicultural Education 8, no. 4 (November 4, 2014): 261–76. https://doi.org/10.1108/JME-05-2014-0019.

Rosyid, Moh. “KESELARASAN HIDUP BEDA AGAMA DAN ALIRAN: Interaksi Nahdliyin, Kristiani, Buddhis, Dan Ahmadi Di Kudus.” Fikrah 2, no. 1 (2014): 75–94.

Ruhana, Akmal Salim, and Haris Burhani. “Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Tindakan Umat Beragama Saat Menghadapi Covid-19.” Laporan Survei, 2020, 1–49.

Siahaan, Amiruddin, Tien Rafida, and Khairunnisa Batubara. “Influence of Madrasah Head Leadership, Motivation and Madrasah Culture on Teacher Performance in Madrasah Aliyah Model 2 Medan.” Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences 3 (August 3, 2020): 2174–82. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i3.1150.

Suparlan, Parsudi. “Masyarakat Majemuk, Masyarakat Multikultural, Dan Minoritas: Memperjuangkan Hak-Hak Minoritas.” Pusat Dokumentasi ELSAM, n.d., 2–4.

Supratno, Haris, and Resdianto Raharjo. “Multicultural and Character Education as the Model of Mental Revolution Movement to Prevent Santri Radicalism,” 156–59. Atlantis Press, 2017. https://doi.org/10.2991/soshec-17.2018.31.

Syarqawi, Ahmad. “Masyarakat Multikultural,” n.d.

Syatar, Abdul, Muhammad Majdy Amiruddin, and Arif Rahman. “Darurat Moderasi Beragama Di Tengah Pandemi Corona Virus Desease 2019 (Covid-19).” Jurnal Kurioritas: Media Komunikasi Sosial Dan Keagamaan 13, no. 1 (2020): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.35905/kur.v13i1.1376.

Umanailo, M Chairul Basrun. “Max Weber,” 2017, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203786093.

Wahid, Abdul, Dyp Sugiharto, Samsudi Samsudi, and Haryono Haryono. “Learning Development Based On Multicultural In Inclusion School.” Nadwa 12, no. 2 (January 7, 2019): 229–42. https://doi.org/10.21580/nw.2018.12.2.2744.

Published
2021-11-01
How to Cite
Maulidyah, R., & Fauzi, A. (2021). Multicultural Community Rationality in Running Religious Activities in Pandemic Times. Al-Mada: Jurnal Agama, Sosial, Dan Budaya, 4(2), 271-287. https://doi.org/10.31538/almada.v4i2.1653