REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS OF PEOPLE WITH HIV / AIDS FIQH PERSPECTIVE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

HAK REPRODUKSI PASANGAN ORANG DENGAN HIV/AIDS PERSPEKTIF FIQH DAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA

  • Lum'atul Khoiroh Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
  • umi Sumbulah Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
  • Zaenul Mahmudi Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Keywords: Hukum Islam, Hak Asasi Manusia, Hak Reproduksi

Abstract

This article discusses people with HIV / AIDS, who often get negative stigma from society. This is due to a lack of insight into HIV / AIDS and low public awareness. People with HIV / AIDS, like healthy people, also have rights, especially their reproductive rights. Although reproductive rights have been discussed in fiqh and human rights, their application to people with HIV / AIDS is still not optimal. This article discusses the reproductive rights of people with HIV / AIDS from the perspective of fiqh and human rights. The type of research in this article is normative juridical research, the approach is a conceptual approach. There are two legal materials in this article, namely primary legal materials from laws and secondary legal materials from books, journals, internet and newspaper articles. It was found that according to the Syafi'i Madzhab of thought, the determination lies in the will of the husband. According to the Hanafiyah Madzhab, the will is on the husband and wife. According to the Hanbali Ulama and some Salafiyah Ulama, the will is on the husband and wife and the community, which places more emphasis on both parents. The hadith expert group emphasizes the benefit of the people. Based on the analysis of human rights, when viewed from the theory of natural law, reproductive rights for people with HIV / AIDS are rights that exist for all people from birth and therefore cannot be eliminated even if they are infected with HIV / AIDS. When viewed from the theory of justice, people with HIV / AIDS should not be discriminated against and their reproductive rights are guaranteed and protected by the state.

Keywords: Fiqh; Human Rights; Reproductive Rights; People with HIV / AIDS.

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Peraturan Perundang-Undangan
Undang-Undang Nomor 39 tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia.
Published
2021-06-30