THE FIRST CLASS OF WOMEN HEIR MEMBER IN THE OBSERVATION OF SURAH AN-NISA AYAT 11, 12 AND 176

PEREMPUAN AHLI WARIS KELAS PERTAMA DALAM TINJAUAN SURAH AN-NISA AYAT 11, 12, DAN 176

  • Raja Raja Ritonga Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Mandailing Natal
Keywords: inheritance, women heir member, ashabul furudh, ashobah

Abstract

The perception about the women position in dividing inheritance is often understood as the complement. The unauthorized consideration develops that women get discrimination in Alqur’an. Women reputed as a second class when determining inheritance. As though men heir’s members are dominated in dividing inheritance. Finally, it appears the conclusion which is not from Alqur’an, that Alqur’an more consider the men’s heir than women. The kinds of this research is library research, surah an-nisa ayat 11, 12 and 176 as a first resouces in apart in researchand described. And then, all data processes and analyzed. The finding in this research, Alqur’an as the first escort placed the women in maqom (the honourable position). Because however, theirs was determines exactly from Allah SWT. The meaning of ayat is so briefly talks about the sum for women’s heir. No one misses from them when Allah SWT gives the determining all the heir portions. They are the member of ashabul furudh heir. It is the group of first heir member which determines and principle portion. While, most of men are ashobah heir member. They are the group of heir member who has no determination, they able to get the remnant of wealth or not. So, it can be concluded that 90 % of the women’s  heir member are the group of heir member of first class. While men only 26,6 % who categorized as first class of heir member, the rest of them were the second class or called as ashobah. Then, it is hoped this research can be a part of information and knowledge for readers, researcher, and society.

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Published
2021-06-30