The Urgency of Classical Learning Motivation in the Millennial Era: Al-Zarnuji's Perspective

  • Torikhul Wasyik Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Abdul Muhid Fakultas Psikologi dan Kesehatan Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4158-284X
Keywords: Learning Motivation, Ta'lim Al-Muta'allim, Extrinsic And Intrinsic Motivations

Abstract

Student learning outcomes in the millennial era have experienced a decline in learning achievement. Among them is a lack of motivation in students, and many Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia use ta'lim muta'allim in their lessons to motivate their students. This article aims to identify and summarize the motivation conveyed by Imam Zarnuji in the Book of ta`lim mutaalim which is suitable for the millennial era. The research method used is a descriptive qualitative method using literature studies. Data techniques by conducting studies of books, notes, article journals, notes that support each other. Data sources are divided into several types, namely: a) Primary data from the Book of ta'lim muta 'allim by Imam Al-Zarnuji b) Secondary data is complementary data that can be used as a reference in journals including relevant literature. This article results indicate that the past (Imam zarnuji) motivation is useful for the millennial era 1) Twenty-eight intrinsic motivations include Intention, patience, sincerity, and high aspirations. 2) seven extrinsic incentives should seek knowledge, find teachers and good friends, and stay away from immorality. Suggesting further research to measure what percentage of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation can increase achievement and enthusiasm for learning.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afwadzi, Benny, dan Abdul Fattah. “Pemahaman Hadits Tarbawi Burhan al Islam al Zarnuji Dalam Kitab Ta’lim al Muta’allim.” Ulul Albab 17, no. 2 (1 Januari 2017): 197–217. https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v17i2.3831.

Al-Zarnuji, Burhanul Islam. Ta`limul Muta`alim. Surabaya: Al-Hidayah, t.t.

Andres, Hayward P. “Active teaching to manage course difficulty and learning motivation.” Journal of Further and Higher Education 43, no. 2 (7 Februari 2019): 220–35. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2017.1357073.

Arifin, Zainal. “Lingkungan Pendidikan Berperan Aktif Menumbuhkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Menurut Syaikh Al-Zarnuji, Dalam Kitab Ta’limul Muta’allim.” Al Qodiri: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial dan Keagamaan 7, no. 2 (2014): 32–40.

Astuti, Juni, Mona Novita, dan M. Syukri Ismail. “Peningkatan Motivasi Belajar Menggunakan Contextual Teaching and Learning Di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Swasta Raudhatul Mujawwidin Tebo.” Jurnal Educative: Journal of Educational Studies 5, no. 1 (1 Juli 2020): 16–28. https://doi.org/10.30983/educative.v5i1.1630.

Barmawi, Muhammad. “Peranan Lingkungan terhadap Semangat Belajar dalam Khazanah Kitab Kuning.” Edukasia Islamika, 2 Maret 2017, 134–60. http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/edukasiaislamika/article/view/773.

Barni, Mahyuddin. “Tantangan Pendidik Di Era Millennial.” Transformatif 3, no. 1 (24 April 2019): 99–116. https://doi.org/10.23971/tf.v3i1.1251.

Brandmiller, Cornelius, Hanna Dumont, dan Michael Becker. “Teacher Perceptions of Learning Motivation and Classroom Behavior: The Role of Student Characteristics.” Contemporary Educational Psychology, 11 Juni 2020, 101893. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2020.101893.

Chairi, Effendi. “Pengembangan Metode Bandongan Dalam Kajian Kitab Kuning Di Pesantren Attarbiyah Guluk-Guluk Dalam Perspektif Muhammad Abid al-Jabiri.” Nidhomul Haq : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam 4, no. 1 (15 Maret 2019): 70–89. https://doi.org/10.31538/ndh.v4i1.233.

Dell’Olio, Dr. Jeanine M. M, dan Dr. Tony Donk. Models of Teaching: Connecting Student Learning with Standards. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, 2007. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=996882.

Dimyati, dan Mudjiono. Belajar dan pembelajaran. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1999.

E Mulyasa. Manajemen Pendidikan Karakter. 5 ed. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2016.

Hanur, Binti Su’aidah, dan Titik Widayati. “Character Building Di Abad 12 Masehi: Kajian Dan Analisis Pendidikan Akhlak Dalam Kitab Ta’lim Muta’Alim.” Journal of Childhood Education 2, no. 2 (1 November 2019): 176–92. https://doi.org/10.30736/jce.v2i1.37.

Hergenhahn, B. R, dan Matthew H Olson. Theories of learning = teori belajar. Diterjemahkan oleh Triwibowo. 6 ed. Jakarta: Prenada Media Grup, 2016.

Huang, Shih-Yuan, Yi-Han Kuo, dan Hsueh-Chih Chen. “Applying Digital Escape Rooms Infused with Science Teaching in Elementary School: Learning Performance, Learning Motivation, and Problem-Solving Ability.” Thinking Skills and Creativity 37 (1 September 2020): 100681. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2020.100681.

Isnaeni, Isnaeni. “Konseling Behavioral Berbasis Kitab Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Santri Di Pondok Pesantren Tafsir Hadis Shohihuddin 2, Prapen Surabay, Jawa Timur.” Undergraduate, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2019. http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/30215/.

Langgulung, Hasan. Manusia dan Pendidikan. Cet ke 1. Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Husna, 1986.

Larson, Jonathon E. Educational Psychology: Cognition and Learning, Individual Differences and Motivation. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2009. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=3018385.

Liu, I-Fan. “The Impact of Extrinsic Motivation, Intrinsic Motivation, and Social Self-Efficacy on English Competition Participation Intentions of Pre-College Learners: Differences between High School and Vocational Students in Taiwan.” Learning and Motivation 72 (1 November 2020): 101675. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2020.101675.

Ma’arif, Muhammad Anas. “Analisis Konsep Kompetensi Kepribadian Guru PAI Menurut Az-Zarnuji.” ISTAWA 2, no. 2 (2017): 35–60. http://journal.umpo.ac.id/index.php/istawa/article/view/624.

Maslani, Maslani, Ratu Suntiah, Yasniwarti Yasniwarti, dan Dadan Nurulhaq. “Al-Zarnuji’s Thought of Education and Its Implementation at Pesantren.” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 3, no. 2 (1 Januari 2018): 179–90. https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v3i2.1312.

Matei, Mirabela-Constaţa, dan Maria-Madela Abrudan. “Adapting Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory to the Cultural Context of Romania.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 13th International Symposium in Management: Management During and After the Economic Crisis, 221 (7 Juni 2016): 95–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.094.

McClelland, David C. Human Motivation. Re-Issued in this digitally printed version. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Muhibbin Syah. Psikologi Pendidikan dengan pendekatan baru. 18 ed. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2013.

Muyassaroh, Rizqiyatul. “Pengaruh Aktivitas Santri Dalam Pembelajaran Kitab Ta’lim al-Muta’allim Terhadap Motivasi Belajar Agama Santri Ma’had al-Jami’ah Walisongo Semarang.” Undergraduate, UIN Walisongo Semarang, 2019. http://eprints.walisongo.ac.id/9591/.

Ngalim, Purwanto. Psikologi Pendidikan. 27 ed. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2014.

Rahman, Alfianoor. “Pendidikan Akhlak Menurut Az-Zarnuji Dalam Kitab Ta’lim al-Muta’allim.” At-Ta’dib 11, no. 1 (1 Juni 2016). https://doi.org/10.21111/at-tadib.v11i1.647.

Ramayulis, dan Samsul Nizar. Filsafat pendidikan Islam: telaah sistem pendidikan dan pemikiran para tokohnya. Jakarta: Kalam Mulia, 2009.

Ryan, Richard M., dan Edward L. Deci. “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions.” Contemporary Educational Psychology 25, no. 1 (1 Januari 2000): 54–67. https://doi.org/10.1006/ceps.1999.1020.

Salami, Nur, dan Anton Widyanto. “Etika Hubungan Pendidik Dan Peserta Didik Menurut Perspektif Pendidikan Islam Dan Pendidikan Barat (Studi Komparatif Pemikiran al-Zarnuji Dan Paulo Freire).” DAYAH 1, no. 2 (1 Juli 2018): 164–81. https://doi.org/10.22373/jie.v1i2.2945.

Setiawan, Agus. “Prinsip Pendidikan Karakter Dalam Islam: Studi Komparasi Pemikiran Al-Ghazali Dan Burhanuddin Al-Zarnuji.” Dinamika Ilmu 14, no. 1 (1 Juni 2014): 1–12. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v14i1.4.

Siahaan, Amiruddin, Tien Rafida, dan Khairunnisa Batubara. “Influence of Madrasah Head Leadership, Motivation and Madrasah Culture on Teacher Performance in Madrasah Aliyah Model 2 Medan.” Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences 3 (3 Agustus 2020): 2174–82. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i3.1150.

Sobandi, Rizki. “Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Terhadap Hasil Belajar Bahasa Indonesia Pada Siswa Kelas Viii Mts Negeri 1 Pangandaran.” DIKSATRASIA 1, no. 2 (31 Agustus 2017): 306–10. https://jurnal.unigal.ac.id/index.php/diksatrasia/article/view/634.

Sodiman, Sodiman. “Etos Belajar Dalam Kitab Ta'liim Al-muta'allim Thaariq Al-ta'allum Karya Imam Al-zarnuji.” Al-Ta'dib 6, no. 2 (Desember 2013): 56–72. https://www.neliti.com/publications/235741/etos-belajar-dalam-kitab-taliim-al-mutaallim-thaariq-al-taallum-karya-imam-al-za.

Suprihatin, Siti. “Upaya Guru Dalam Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa.” Promosi: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi 3, no. 1 (2015). https://doi.org/10.24127/ja.v3i1.144.

Suryadi, Rudi Ahmad. “Motivasi Belajar Perspektif Pendidikan Islam Klasik: Studi atas Pemikiran al-Jarnuji.” Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam-Ta’ lim 10, no. 1 (2012).

Thohir, M. Anas, Alfina C, dan A. Dardiri. “A Comparative Study on Sheikh Az-Zarnuji Thought and Idealism in the Philosophy of Education.” Episteme: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman 12, no. 2 (1 Januari 2018): 411–33. https://doi.org/10.21274/epis.2017.12.2.411-433.

Tumin, Tumin, dan Ahmad Faizuddin. “Education and Character Building: Ethical Aspects of Learning from Al-Zarnūjī’s Ta‘līm Al-Muta‘allim.” Ulumuna 21, no. 1 (1 Juni 2017): 109–28. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v21i1.1180.

Ulfah, Siti Mariah. “Rekrutman Guru Dalam Manajemen Pendidikan Islam (Studi Tentang Pemilihan Guru Menurut Syeikh Az- Zarnuji Dalam Kitab Ta’limul Muta’allim Wathoriqotutta’allumi).” Al-Fikrah: Jurnal Kependidikan Islam IAIN Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin 6 (2015). https://www.neliti.com/publications/56675/rekrutman-guru-dalam-manajemen-pendidikan-islam-studi-tentang-pemilihan-guru-men.

Wildemuth, Barbara M. Applications of social research methods to questions in information and library science. Westport, Conn: Libraries Unlimited, 2009.

Zed, Mestika. Metode penelitian kepustakaan. Ed. 2. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2008.

Zhou, Xiaolu, dan Ling Tian. “Study on learning motivation for innovative talents of local normal universities.” Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics 20, no. 6–7 (3 Oktober 2017): 1401–5. https://doi.org/10.1080/09720502.2017.1382145.

Zubaedi. Desain Pendidikan karakter, Konsepsi dan Aplikasinya dalam Pendidikan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada, 2011.

Published
2020-10-22
How to Cite
Wasyik, T., & Muhid, A. (2020). The Urgency of Classical Learning Motivation in the Millennial Era: Al-Zarnuji’s Perspective. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 3(3), 324-341. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v3i3.772