METODOLOGI STUDI ISLAM

(Studi Pemikiran Ali Jum’ah Dalam Masalah-Masalah Mu’amalat Maliyyah Mu’asirah)

  • Miftahul Ulum STAI Syaichona Moh. Cholil Bangkalan
  • Fajar Fajar Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam Al-Anwar (STEBIA) Bangkalan
Keywords: Methodology, Ijtihad, Muamalah

Abstract

The method used by Ali Jum'ah in conducting ijtihad is basically not much different from the method used by previous scholars and scholars of the present, namely by using the method of ijtihad bayani, qiyasi and istislahi and intiqa'i. Ali Jum'ah is of the opinion that in obeying there are four phases that must be passed by a mufti namely the description of the problem, the phase of matching the problem, the phase in explaining the law and the phasing phase. In conducting ijtihad, the most dominant method used in matters relating to contemporary financial transactions is the ijtihad istislahi method. The method of ijtihad istislahi became dominant because new problems that arose there were no explanations in the Qur'an or hadith and also could not be done qiyas. Most of the fatwas of Ali Jum'ah are relevant to current conditions. However, there are still irrelevant edicts, namely edicts regarding the permissibility of buying and selling liquor in non-Muslim countries.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ali Hasballah, Muhammad, Usul at-Tasyri’ al-Islami, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, t.t.
Azhari, Usamah as-Sayyid Mahmud al, Asanid al-Misriyyin, Kairo: Dar al-Fikr, 2011.
Bahi, al- Nizam at-Ta’mim fi Hadi Ahkam al­Islam wa Darurat al-Mujtama’ al­Mu’asir, Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah, 1965.
Ghazali, al, al-Mustasfa min ilm al-Usul, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, t.t.
Hamid Hassan, Husain, Hukmu asy-Syari’ah al-Islamiyyah fi Uqudi at-Ta’min, Kairo: Dar an-Nahdah, 1976.
Muhammad, Ali Jum’ah, Ilmu Ushulu al-Fiqh Waalaqatuhu bi al-Falsafah al-Islamiyyah, Kairo: al-Ma’had al-Alami li al-Fiqh al-Islami, 1996.
--------, Ali Jum’ah, Aliyatu al-Ijtihad, Kairo: Dar ar-Risalah, 2004.
--------, al-Kalim ath-Thayyib-Fatawa ashriyyah, Kairo: Dar as-Salam, 2013.
--------, al-Kalim at-Tayyib Fatawa Asriyyah, cet. Ke-2 Kairo: Dar as-Salam, 2010.
--------, Aliyyatu al-Ijtihad, Kairo: Daar-Risalah, 2004.
--------, Madkhal ila Dirasati al-Mazhib al-Fiqhiyyah Kairo: Dar as-Salam, 2012.
--------, Ilmu Usuli al-Fiqhi wa Alaqatuhu bi al-Falsafah al-Islamiyyah, Kairo: al-Ma’hadu al-Ilmi li al-Fikr al-Islami, 1996.
Qaradawi, Yusuf al, Bay’ al-Murabahah li al-Amir bi asy-Syira’ Kama Tujrihi al-Masarif al-Islamiyyah, Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah, 1995.
Qahtani, Manhaju Istinbati al-Ahkam an-Nawazil al-Fiqhiyyah al-Mu’asirah, Jeddah: Dar al-Andalus al-Khadra’, 2003.
Salam Madkur, Muhammad, al-Ijtihad fi Tasyri’ al-Islami, cet. I ttp: Dar an-Nahdah al-Arabiyyah, 1984.
Zuhaili, Wahbah az, al-Fiqhu al-Islami wa Adilltuhu, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1989.
--------,Ushul Fiqh al-Islami, jilid II Beirut: Dar al-Fikr al-Mu’ashir, 1986.
The 500 Most “Influential Muslims 2009, Dabuq: The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre”, 2009.
Lamya al-Kharaisha, dkk. “The Muslim 500: The World’s 500 Most Influential Muslims 2019, Dabuq: The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, 2019
Manzur, Ibnu, Lisan al-Arab, juz IX, Kairo: Dar al-Hadis, 2003.
Muhammad al-Adnani, Mu’jamu al-Aglat al-Lugawiyyah al-Mu’asirah, cet. I, Beirut: Maktabah Lebanon, 1984.
Munir al-Baklabaki, al-Mawrid: A Modern English-arabic Dictionary, Beirut: Dar al-Ilmi li al-Malayin, 1984
www.draligomaa.com.
“Wallahu A’lam| Ali Jum’ah: al-Ijtihad ilmun Ilahiyyun layumkinu liahadin Guliqa Babuhu” http://www.youtube.com/cbcegypt, Akses 12 November 2019.
“Usus al-Iktiyar al-Fiqhi” https://yuotu.be/vKDV4d0fuMg, akses 30 Oktober 2019.
Published
2020-06-22