NASAB BAYI TABUNG DALAM PRESPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM DAN MAQASID SYARI’AH

  • Mohammad Fahrudi Noer Farida Ulvi Na’imah Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya; Institut Pesantren KH Abdul Chalim Pacet Mojokerto
Keywords: IVF Nasab, Muslim Law, Maq>asid as-Shari'ah.

Abstract

The main problem in this research is how the reasons for determining nasab IVF and how is the study of Maqasid al-Shari'ah about nasab ?. This research is classified as research (Librative qualitative research). In answering the existing problems, the authors collected data through documentation by utilizing several books that deal with problems. And then analyzed using descriptive methods of analysis with a deductive mindset that is expressed data in general and then drawn to specifics. The results of this study reveal that there are two ways of making IVF that are justified by religion and fulfill the legal requirements of Islamic law. Namely: 1) Fertilazation in Vitro (FIV) by taking the husband's sperm and wife's ovum then processed in vitro (tube), and after fertilization, then transferred in the wife's uterus. 2) Intra Felopian Tuba Gramet (GIFT) by taking husband's sperm and wife's ovum, and after fertilization occurs, it is immediately planted in the oviduct (fallopian tube). In terms of the Maqasid al-Sharia'h, the text is one of the goals of creating benefit, regularity and expediency to protect offspring. In the perspective of Maqasid as-Shari'ah categorized as al-Muhafadzah ala an-Nasl (maintaining offspring), namely: guaranteeing the sustainability of the human population to stay alive and develop healthy and sturdy, both character and religion.

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file:///C:/Users/DWI%20KURNIYATI%20~/Downloads/perdata%20islam/nasab/bayi%20tabung/R2%20P@ChaNa%20PCC_%20Pandangan%20Islam%20terhadap%20Bayi%20Tabung_inseminasi.html. Di akses pada hari Selasa 21 November 2017.
Published
2019-12-10