HISTORISITAS DAN SUMBER DALIL UṢUL FIQH SHI’AH
In the history of the development of Islamic law, the existence of fiqh is one of the sciences that has given birth to a variety of methodologies in Islamic legal studies. Broadly speaking, the existence of fiqh proposals can be represented by the presence of Sunni and Shi'a fiqh proposals. As a theological group in Islam, Shi'ah has a different concept of fiqh from Sunni. This research is descriptive in nature, providing an explanation of the history of the development of shia fiqh, law in the perspective of shia, the propositions of shia fikh, and Istinbat in the perspective of shia. The conclusions from this study, that the Shi'a fiqh proposal is divided into two groups, namely Akhbariyyun and Uṣuliyyun. In the process of determining the law, the Akhbariyyun group returned the matter to the Qur'an and Sunnah based on the determination of their Imams. The Akhbariyyun group holds that only their imams have the authority of ijtihad to establish laws based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. As is known, scholars' Shi'ah call Dalil al-Qur'an, Sunnah, Ijma, and ‘Aql as the proposition Ijtihadi. Thus it can be said that Uṣul Shi’ah Akhbariyyun is; Al-Kitab, namely al-Qur'an, Sunnah and words, deeds, and taqrir of the Imam. The Uul Uṣuliyyun group, namely; Al-Kitab, Sunnah, and the words, deeds, and taqrir of the Ulema and Ijtihad which in their terms are called the proposition ‘Aql.
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